ESMA publishes today an article on the evolution of the European share market structure from 2019 to 2022, following the implementation of the markets in financial instruments directive (MiFID II). Specific focus is given to the impact of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU, given its pivotal role in equity markets.
The European market structure has changed in an important manner during the observed period. The important decrease in trading volumes observed after 2021 linked to the impact of the UK withdrawal was accompanied by four main changes:
a decrease in the number of trading infrastructures, even though their number remains elevated;
a shift in share trading distribution, both in terms of market types and countries,
a concentration of trading in a few EU countries and trading venues;
a relocation of domestic trading activities; and a rise in the specialisation of trading venues.